Quick thoughts on Japanese retail trends

My reading on the current picture of Japanese consumer and retail trends shows that a stagnated economy, ageing population and closed borders to migrants has meant that growth across the general retail landscape has slumped over the past two decades. Though the state of Japanese retail may not look too dynamic on the surface, underneath is a consumer culture that appears to be moving away from large department store retails toward specialty stores, crowded outlet malls and e-retailing.